Daily Current Affairs 19 Oct , 2018

Daily Current Affairs 19 Oct , 2018

1. Water Disinfection System “OneerTM”

  • It is developed by Council of Scientific and Industrial Research, Indian Institute of Toxicology Research (CSIR-IITR) Lucknow.
  • “OneerTM” is the trademark of this innovative technology Drinking Water Disinfection System.
  • It is useful for the continuous treatment of water and eliminates all disease-causing pathogens such as virus, bacteria, fungi, protozoa, and cyst.
  • It provides safe drinking water to domestic and communities settings as per National and International standards prescribed for potable water (BIS, WHO etc.).
  • The device will go a long way in meeting the requirements of potable water in rural and urban areas.
  • The technology will be helpful especially for rural people since it can be solar powered and this development is in line with the ‘Make in India’ Mission”
  • According to the World Health Organization, “access to safe drinking water is essential to health, a basic human right and a component of effective policy for health protection”.
  • The smaller unit of Oneer is particularly suitable for homes, street food vendors, and small establishments.

About CSIR

  • The Council of Scientific and Industrial Research was established by the Government of India.
  • It is an autonomous body that has emerged as the largest research and development organization in India.
  • It is funded by the Ministry of Science and Technology, registration under the Societies Registration Act, 1860.
  • The research and development activities of CSIR include aerospace engineering, structural engineering, ocean sciences, life sciences, metallurgy, chemicals, mining, food, petroleum, leather, and environmental science.

2. Global Competitiveness Index 2018

  • India has been ranked as the 58th most competitive economy on the World Economic Forum’s global competitiveness index for 2018.
  • The Index is topped by the US with a score of 85.6.
  • India’s rank rose by five places from 2017, the largest gain among G20 economies.
  • India was ranked 58th with a score of 62.0 in the latest Global Competitiveness Report.
  • Among the BRICS economies, China topped the list at 28th place with a score of 72.6, ahead of the Russian Federation, India, South Africa, and Brazil.

Global Competitiveness Index

  • The Global Competitiveness Report is a yearly report published by the World Economic Forum.
  • Global Competitiveness Report ranks countries based on the Global Competitiveness Index
  • The report “assesses the ability of countries to provide high levels of prosperity to their citizens.
  • Global Competitiveness Index measures the set of institutions, policies, and factors that set the sustainable current and medium-term levels of economic prosperity.
  • The index covers 140 nations and it measures national competitiveness.

3. Central Warehouse for PMBJP

  • Central Warehouse of Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana has been set up at Bilaspur, Gurugram.
  • It has been set up by the Bureau of Pharma PSUs of India (BPPI).
  • The hi-tech Central Warehouse would facilitate seamless distribution of Jan Aushadhi generic medicines to all PMBJP Kendra functional across the country.
  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi PariYojana Kendra is a campaign launched by the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. Of India.
  • It provides quality medicines at affordable prices to the masses through special kendras known as Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra.
  • Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Pariyojana Kendra (PMBJPK) has been set up to provide generic drugs, which are available at lesser prices but are equivalent in quality and efficacy as expensive branded drugs.
  • BPPI (Bureau of Pharma Public Sector Undertakings of India) has been established under the Department of Pharmaceuticals, Govt. of India for supply and marketing of generic drugs through Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Jan Aushadhi Kendra.
  • Digital Cash Management System for Pradhan Mantri Bhartiya Janaushadhi Pariyojana (PMBJP), to be implemented as a partnership between BPPI and Bank of Baroda.

4. Bathukamma blooms at NSW Parliament

  • The New South Wales Parliament in Sydney, Australia for the first time ever celebrated Telangana culture and its identity.
  • The celebration was also a chance to promote Pochampally handloom weavers, who are fighting against all odds to save the handloom industry.
  • Bathukamma is floral festival celebrated predominantly by the Hindu women of Telangana and some parts of Andhra Pradesh.
  • Bathukamma represents the cultural spirit of Telangana.
  • Bathukamma is a beautiful flower stack, arranged with different unique seasonal flowers most of them with medicinal values, in seven concentric layers in the shape of temple gopuram.

5. Bepi Colombo gears up to unravel Mercury mysteries

  • The European Space Agency (ESA) is gearing up to launch one of the world’s most challenging interplanetary missions to Mercury in collaboration with the Japan Aerospace Exploration Agency.
  • ESA’s BepiColombo will be the first mission that will use two orbiters to explore the innermost planet of our solar system from a distance of 400km from the planet.
  • A UK-built spacecraft will determine if the nearest planet to the Sun contains water.
  • The mission will send two orbiters to explore the fiery world where the surface temperatures reach about 4500
  • Nasa had earlier launched Mariner 10 in 1973 and Messenger in 2004 to explore Mercury.
  • The spacecraft basically consists of four components
    • Mercury Planetary Orbiter (MPO), ESA-developed spacecraft tasked to study the planet’s surface and internal composition.
    • Japan’s Mercury Magnetospheric Orbiter (MMO), which will provide data on Mercury’s magnetosphere.
    • Mercury Transfer Module or bus that will provide solar-electric propulsion on the trajectory to Mercury; and the MMO sunshield.
  • After reaching the Mercury orbit in 2025, the MIO and MPO orbiters will get separated and observe Mercury in collaboration for one year, with a possible one-year extension.

About Mercury

  • Mercury is the smallest and innermost planet in the Solar System.
  • Its orbital period around the Sun of 87.97 days is the shortest of all the planets in the Solar System.
  • It contains trace amounts of argon, nitrogen, carbon dioxide, water vapor, xenon, krypton, and neon.

6. Shahi litchi of North Bihar gets GI tag

  • The famous Shahi litchi of North Bihar has got the Geographical Indication (GI) tag.
  • It is the fourth product from the state after Jardalu mango, Katarni rice and Magahi paan to have got the GI tag.
  • Shahi Litchi is mainly cultivated in Muzaffarpur, Samastipur, Vaishali, East Champaran, and Begusarai and some parts of adjoining areas in agro-climatic areas of the state.
  • GI is a name or sign used on products to certify that they possess certain qualities for being made or produced as per traditional methods or enjoy a certain reputation due to its geographical origin.

7. LPG set to make Kerala the first smoke-free State

  • Kerala is now set to become the first smoke-free State in the country.
  • Kerala is one of the States with the highest penetration of LPG, which help in transforming their lifestyles.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana initiated by the Ministry of Petroleum aimed at providing 50 million free LPG connections to women in poor households.
  • It will reduce the Carbon footprint in the environment which is the biggest threat of global warming.
  • Pradhan Mantri Ujjwala Yojana initiated by the Ministry of Petroleum aimed at providing 50 million free LPG connections to women in poor households.
  • It will reduce the Carbon footprint in the environment which is the biggest threat of global warming.

About LPG

  • Liquefied petroleum gas or liquid petroleum gas are flammable mixtures of hydrocarbon gases.
  • It is used as fuel in heating appliances, cooking equipment, and vehicles.
  • LPG is prepared by refining petroleum or “wet” natural gas and is almost entirely derived from fossil fuel sources.
  • It is being manufactured during the refining of petroleum (crude oil) or extracted from petroleum or natural gas streams as they emerge from the ground.

8. Bitcoin ATM: India’s first bitcoin kiosk launched in Bangalore

  • Bitcoin, the most popular cryptocurrency, has got its first ATM in India amid the repetitive warnings from the Reserve Bank of India and Finance Minister with regard to its validity in the country.
  • The first of its kind Kiosk Bitcoin ATM was provided by Unocoin, a blockchain solution provider.
  • According to Unocoin, users can withdraw Indian rupee obtained on selling the cryptocurrencies on its platform.

Bitcoin

  • Bitcoin is not a legal tender in India and it will further caution investors who have been putting their money as it is not regulated by any governing body.
  • Bitcoin is a cryptocurrency, a form of electronic cash.
  • It is a decentralized digital currency without a central bank or single administrator that can be sent from user-to-user on the peer-to-peer Bitcoin network without the need for intermediaries.
  • Transactions are verified by network nodes through cryptography and recorded in a public distributed ledger called a blockchain.
  • Bitcoin was invented by an unknown person or group of people using the name Satoshi Nakamoto and released as open-source software in 2009.