Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 7

Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 7

CURRENT AFFAIRS RELATED INFRASTRUCTURE

1) KALESHWARAM LIFT IRRIGATION

PROJECT

  • The Kaleshwar am Lift Irrigation project was inaugurated recently in Jayashankar Bhupalpally district of Telangana.
  • KLIP Project will be world’s largest multi-stage, multipurpose lift irrigation (Earlier the Colorado lift scheme in America and the Great Manmade River in Egypt were the largest).
  • It is being built across Godavari river. It will harness water at the confluence of two rivers with Godavari by constructing a barrage at Medigadda in Jayshankar Bhoopalpally district.
  • It will divert water through lifts and pumps into a huge and complex system of reservoirs, water tunnels, pipelines and canals.
  • It also includes longest irrigation tunnel in the world.

Significance

  • The project had to be built at such a size and scale because while the Godavari flows at 100 metres below Mean Sea Level, Telangana is located at 300 to 650 metres above MSL.
  • By the time the water reaches Kondapochamma Sagar, the last reservoir in the system, the Godavari water would have been lifted to a height of 618 metres from its source at Medigadda.
  • It is designed to irrigate 45 lakh acres for two crops in a year, meet the drinking water requirement of 70% of the state and also cater to the needs of the industry.
  • The Telangana government had entered into a water sharing agreement with the Maharashtra which paved the way for the construction of Kaleshwaram project.

Lift Irrigation:

  • Lift irrigation is a method of irrigation in which water instead of being transported by natural flow (as in gravity-fed canal systems) requires external energy through animal, fuel based or electric power using pumps or other mechanical means.

Lift irrigation schemes must accomplish two main tasks:

  1. To carry water by means of pumps from the water source to the main delivery chamber, which is situated at the top most point in the command area.
  2. They must distribute this water to the field of the beneficiary farmers by means of a suitable and proper distribution system.
  • The advantage of lift irrigation is the minimal land acquisition problem and low-water losses

2) KOSI-MECHI INTERLINKING PROJECT:

  • Union Government has approved Rs 4,900 crore Kosi-Mechi Interlinking project for interlinking of Kosi and Mechi rivers of Bihar.
  • This is the second major river interlinking project in the country to be approved by Central Government after the

Ken-Betwa project in Madhya Pradesh.

  • National Project Status Kosi-Mechi Interlinking project has not yet received coveted National Project Status. But on the lines of Ken-Betwa project in MP (India’s first Interlinking of rivers project), this project also qualifies for a ‘National Project’ status because of number of reasons, including its huge flood management and irrigation potential.

Byorung Bridge:

  • India’s longest single-lane steel cable suspension bridge has been inaugurated over Siang River in Upper Siang district of Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The bridge is 300-metre-long and is also known as byorung bridge. The bridge will reduce the distance between Yingkiong and Tuting in Arunachal Pradesh by almost 40 km.

Siang River:

  • The Tsangpo river, which originates in the Angsi Glacier in the Himalayas, enters India through Arunachal Pradesh where it is called by name Siang. The river is also called as Dihang innthe plain regions. It is joined by the rivers Dibangnand Lohit.

3) 2880 MW DIBANG MPP IN ARUNACHAL PRADESH.

  • The Cabinet Committee on Economic Affairs (CCEA) chaired by Prime Minister Narendra Modi has approved expenditure on pre-investmentnactivities and various clearances for Dibang Multipurpose Project (MPP) in Arunachal Pradesh for an amount of Rs.1600 crore.
  • Dibang MPP, a storage based hydro-electric project is the largest ever Hydro Electric Projects to be constructed in India. The envisaged height of Concrete Gravity Dam is 278 metres and on completion it will be highest dam in India.
  • Project is located on Dibang River, in Lower Dibang Valley District of Arunachal Pradesh. It envisages construction of a 278 m high Concrete Gravity Dam.
  • Key Objective behind construction of Dibang MPP is flood moderation as it shall prevent sizeable downstream area from floods.

4) SELA TUNNEL:

  • Prime Minister Narendra Modi recently laid the foundation stone for the strategically important Sela Tunnel Project in Arunachal Pradesh.
  • The project, costing Rs 687 crore, is being constructed by the Border Roads Organisation (BRO) and would be completed in the next three years.
  • Once the 12.04-km tunnel is complete it will give a fillip to the overall development of the area as it will provide all-weather connectivity to Tawang and other areas.
  • It will also reduce the traveling time from Tezpur to Tawang by more than an hour and boost tourism and related economic activities in the region.
  • Till now, the entry to the area was only through the 13,700-feet Sela Pass, which is covered in snow in the winters making the movement of vehicles difficult.
  • The development is a part of the Union Government’s effort to develop connectivity infrastructure in border areas to secure India’s defence. The proposal to build the Sela Pass comes amid concerns in the defence establishment over China’s growing assertiveness along the nearly 4,000 km-long Sino-India border.

Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 4

5) VANDE BHARAT EXPRESS

  • India’s first indigenously built engineless semi- high speed train, Train 18, has been named Vande Bharat Express.
  • The train is set to run between Delhi and Varanasi at a maximum speed of 160 kmph.
  • Train 18 is a flagship train set; the first prototype has been built by the Integral Coach Factory, Chennai, in a record time of 20 months.
  • The train is a 100% ‘Make in India’ project and is claimed to be built at half the cost of a similar train set that is imported.
  • T-18 is a self-propelled engine-less train (similar to the Metro trains) and is energy-efficient as its coaches will be fitted with LED lights. Coaches will have automatic doors and retractablenfootsteps.
  • It will be inter-connected with fully sealed gangways along with a GPS-based Passenger Information System.
  • It is provided with of Bio toilets. Vande Bharat Express completes trial run from New Delhi to Katra.
  • The Northern Railway zone of Indian Railway successfully conducted trial run of Vande Bharat Express, known to be India’s fastest train.
  • The trial run was conducted from New Delhi to Katra small town in Jammu and Kashmir. It is also known as Train 18. It can run at a speed of 160 km per hour.
  • Besides being indigenous and fully automatic train, it is also one of the best and premium trains in India.
  • It is designed and developed by Chennai-based Railways Production unit Integral Coach Factory in a time of just 18 months which also included in-house design, manufacture, computer modelling and working.
  • After successful Confirmatory Oscillograph Car Runs (COCR) trial of new Vande Bharat Expres on Delhi-Katra route, it is expected that train might soon extend its service to Vaishno Devi.
  • Confirmatory oscillograph car runs (COCR) are carried out to increase the speed of trains more than 120 kmph, which enables passengers to travel faster to their destination and also enable full utilisation of upgraded track.

6) PROJECT SAMPARK

  • Defence Minister inaugurates Ujh and Basantar Bridges in Samba district of J&K.
  • Both of these bridges have been constructed by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) under 69 RCC/13 BRTF of Project Sampark.
  • Ujh bridge (1 Km long): is longest bridge constructed by BRO and was completed within scheduled time. It also holds distinction for being bridge where technology of Pre Cast Segmental br with 60 m spans was used. It has been constructed at a cost of nearly Rs.50 crore. It is located on Parole-Korepannu-Rajpura road over UjhNallah.
  • Basantar bridge: It has been constructed at a total cost of about Rs.41.7 crore. It is located on Rajpura–Madwal–Pangadur–Phulpur road over BasantarNallah.
  • These bridges will usher in vast improvement in connectivity of roads and bridges in border areas as they will provide smooth connectivity and are also vital for Indian Army for deployment on border areas.

About Project Sampark:

  • It was raised by Border Roads Organisation (BRO) in 1975 with its Headquarters at Jammu. It has an area of responsibility from Pir Panjal Range (in north) to Pathankot (in south) and from Poonch (in west) to Dalhousie (in east), covering about 2200 km of road network. BRO has been rendering its services via construction and maintenance of roads and bridges in border areas there fulfilling strategic needs of Defence Forces.

7) INDIA’S LONGEST ELECTRIFIED TRAIN TUNNEL

  • Vice-President M Venkaiah Naidu dedicated the country’s longest electrified rail tunnel between Cherlopalli and Rapuru in Andhra Pradesh. He also inaugurated electrified railway line between Venkatachalam and Obulavaripalli at Gudur railway station and also flagged off Gudur- Vijayawada inter-city superfast express.

Cherlopalli-Rapuru Electrified rail tunnel :

  • It is located between Cherlopalli and Rapuru Railway Stations in Andhra Pradesh. It was built at a cost of Rs. 437 crore and has 44 trolley refuges and 14 cross-passages in a horseshoe design. New Australian Tunneling Method (NATM) was used to construct this tunnel. Its total length is 6.3km. Its height (from rail level to roof) is 6.5 meters and minimum height of contact wire is maintained at 5.2m.
  • LED lightening is provided at 10m intervals inside the tunnel. It is provided by two traction power supply sub- stations near Cherlopalli and near Rapuru.
  • It will provide viable rail connectivity between Krishnapatnam Port and hinterland for seamless movement of freight.

Venkatachalam-Obulavaripalli Electrified railway line :

  • It has nine railway stations along the route, 146 bridges, 60 road-under-bridges and two tunnels. It has no level crossings. It reduces distance by 72 km for trains coming from Guntakal division to Krishnapatnam and eases traffic density in the.
  • Obulavaripalli-Renigunta-Gudur section. It willNacilitate operation of freight trains on.

Obulavaripalli-Venkatachalam-Krishnapatnam
Port route.

  • It will also provide shortest path on Chennai-Howrah and Chennai-Mumbai railnroutes. It will ease congestion of both freight and passenger carrying trains in Vijayawada-Gudur- Renigunta-Guntakal sections.

8) MULTI-MODAL CARGO TERMINAL

  • This is the 2nd of three Multi Modal Terminals (MMTs) being constructed on river Ganga under Jal Marg Vikas Project (JMVP). In November 2018, PM Modi inaugurated first MMT at Varanasi, Uttar Pradesh.
  • The Rs.290 crore multi-modal cargo terminal has been built by Inland Waterways Authority of India (IWAI) on River Ganga at Sahibganj.
  • It will have a cargo storing capacity of 3 million tonne (MT) per year, a stockyard and parking and berthing space for two vessels. Government has also planned an investment of Rs.376 crores for capacity enhancement in Phase-II to 54.8 lakh tonnes per annum.
  • The development in Phase II will be entirely made by private concessionaire, under public-private partnership (PPP) mode.

Importance:

  • It will open up industries of Jharkhand and Bihar to global market and provide Indo-Nepal cargo connectivity through waterways route.
  • It will play an important role in transportation of domestic coal from local mines located in Rajmahal area (in Sahibganj district) to other thermal power plants located along National Waterway-1 (NW-1).
  • Cargo to be transported from terminal includes coal, stone chips, fertilisers, cement and sugar.
  • The convergence of Road-Rail-River Transport at Sahibganj through the new Multi Modal Terminals will connect this part of hinterland to Haldia (in Kolkata), to North-East states via Bangladesh by river-sea route and further to Bay of Bengal.

Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 5