Daily Current Affairs 18 Oct ,2018

Daily Current Affairs 18 Oct , 2018

1. Self4Society app: Help to rope in volunteers

  • Self4Society, developed by MyGov will help working professionals to do volunteer work in their free time.
  • This application will provide a platform which will help to create better synergies among companies run volunteering initiatives and lead to a much better outcome of the efforts of professionals.
  • The app will also have incentives, gamification and intra- and inter-company competitions, and social networking.

Related Information

  • The volunteer time for the government’s flagship programmes such as Swachh Bharat is expected to increase.

2. POCSO Act: No time bar for report crimes

  • Ministry of Women and Child Development and Law ministry clarified that survivors of child sexual abuse can file a police complaint after they become adults.
  • The Ministry of Law, after examining the provisions of POCSO Act vis-à-vis provisions of CrPC, has advised that there appears no period of limitation mentioned in Section 19 in regard to reporting of the offenses under the POCSO Act, 2012.

Section 19 of POCSO Act

  • Section 19 of the POCSO Act help to provide protection of children below 18 years of age from sexual abuse.
  • This act lays down the procedure for reporting a crime but doesn’t specify a time limit or statute of limitation for reporting it.

About POCSO Act

  • The Protection of Children from Sexual Offences (POCSO) Act, 2012 was enacted to provide a robust legal framework for the protection of children from offenses of sexual assault, sexual harassment, and pornography, while safeguarding the interest of the child at every stage of the judicial process.
  • Protection of children by the state is guaranteed to Indian citizens by an expansive reading of Article 21 of the Indian constitution.
  • Child sexual abuse laws in India have been enacted as part of the nation’s child protection policies.
  • India’s status as the signatory to the UN Convention on the Rights of the Child.

3. 12th ASEM summit in Brussels

  • 12th Asia-Europe Meeting (ASEM) hosted by the European Union in Brussels, Belgium.
  • The 51 nations’ summit is seen as the highest platform for dialogue and cooperation between Asia and Europe in the areas of trade, investment, security, and tourism.
  • “ASEM Agenda for 2018 will priorities issues related to connectivity, trade, and investment, sustainable development, climate change, terrorism, migration, maritime security, and cyberspace,”.
  • The theme of ASEM summit is ‘Global Partners for Global Challenges’.

About ASEM

  • The Asia–Europe Meeting (ASEM) is an Asian–European political dialogue forum to enhance relations and various forms of cooperation between its partners.
  • It was officially established on 1 March 1996 at the first summit in Bangkok, Thailand.
  • ASEM currently has 53 partners: 51 countries and 2 regional organizations.
  • European Union and the ASEAN Secretariat are the two regional organizations.
  • The main components of the ASEM process rest on the following 3 pillars:
    (a) Political & Security Pillar
    (b)Economic & Financial Pillar
    (c) Social, Cultural & Educational Pillar

4. MoU signed between Lady Irwin College & MoRD for Roshni

  • Deendayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Rural Livelihood Mission (DAY-NRLM), Ministry of Rural Development and Lady Irwin College, have signed a MoU for establishing ROSHNI – Centre of Women Collectives led Social Action.
  • Roshni aims to work with women collectives for social action on Food, Health, Nutrition and WASH (FHNW) interventions in alignment with DAY-NRLM Dashasutra strategy.
  • Roshni will learn from Swabhimaan and extend support to DAY-NRLM for expanding the scope of FHNW interventions.
  • The Centre will lead to knowledge creation, capacity building for scale-up of the convergent action plan, learning and re-learning in Swabhimaan sites and provide policy guidance to DAY-NRLM on POSHAN Abhiyaan initiatives.
  • ROSHNI is technically and financially supported by UNICEF.

Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana

  • Deen Dayal Antyodaya Yojana – National Livelihoods Mission (NRLM) was launched by the Ministry of Rural Development (MoRD), Government of India in June 2011.
  • The Mission aims at creating efficient and effective institutional platforms of the rural poor enabling them to increase household income through sustainable livelihood enhancements and improved access to financial services.

5. Ancient rocks in India give clues to early life

  • Researchers have found the oldest clue yet to the mystery of animal life in ancient rocks and oils, including those from India.
  • These are dating back at least 100 million years before the famous Cambrian explosion of animal fossils.
  • Researchers at the University of California, Riverside in the U.S. tracked molecular signs of animal life, called biomarkers.
  • Biomarker which is as far back as 660-635 million years ago during the Neoproterozoic era.
  • This biomarker is a steroid compound named 26-methylstigmastane (26-mes), has a unique structure that is currently only known.
  • It is to be synthesized by certain species of modern sponges called demosponges.
  • The “Cambrian Explosion” refers to the sudden appearance in the fossil record of complex animals with mineralized skeletal remains 541 million years ago.

6. Govt launched ‘Swastha Bharat Yatra

  • The government launched a national campaign ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ on the World Food Day (16 October).
  • A pan-India cycle rally is being organized to sensitize people about eating safe food and be healthy under the campaign by Food Safety and Standards Authority of India.
  • The ‘Swasth Bharat Yatra’ was launched simultaneously at Leh (in Jammu & Kashmir), Panaji (Goa), Thiruvananthapuram (Kerala), Puducherry, Ranchi (Jharkhand) and Agartala (Tripura).

Swasth Bharat Yatra

  • The Swasth Bharat Yatra is a cyclathon initiative led by FSSAI which cover almost every state and UT over 100 days to propagate a powerful message ‘Eat Right India’.
  • It will create awareness about the demand for safe and healthy food.
  • The cyclist volunteer’s convoy including the ‘Eat Right Mobile Unit’ and ‘Mobile Food Testing Unit’ would travel across the country to build awareness around food safety, combating food adulteration and healthy diets.

World Food Day

  • World Food Day is celebrated on October 16 every year to raise awareness on the issues of poverty and hunger.
  • World Food Day was established by the Food and Agriculture Organization of the United Nations (FAO) in November 1979
  • Theme: “Change the future of migration. Invest in food security.”
  • World Food Day is a chance to show our commitment to Sustainable Development Goal (SDG) 2 – to achieve Zero Hunger by 2030.
  • It’s also a day for us to celebrate the progress we have already made towards reaching #Zero Hunger.

7. The government wanted changes to sexual harassment law

  • The Centre recently announced its plan to set up a panel of judges to look into the legal and institutional framework to curb sexual harassment at workplaces following the #MeToo campaign on social media.

About Justice Verma Committee

  • In 2013, the Justice J.S. Verma Committee, in its landmark report on gender laws, had recommended setting up of an employment tribunal instead of an internal complaints committee (ICC) in sweeping changes to the Sexual Harassment at the Workplace Bill.
  • The panel was formed in the aftermath of the December 16 Nirbhaya gangrape in 2012 and the ensuing nationwide protests and submitted its report on January 23, 2013.
  • The panel proposed that an internal complaints committee as laid down under the then proposed law would be “counter-productive “dealing with such complaints in-house could discourage women from filing complaints.
  • The Verman panel also said that the time-limit of three months to file a complaint should be done away with and a complainant should not be transferred without her consent.

8. Man Booker Prize 2018

  • Anna Burns has won the Man Booker Prize for her novel ‘Milkman.
  • She is the first author from Northern Ireland to win the most prestigious English-language literary award.
  • Milkman is the story of brutality, sexual encroachment and resistance threaded with mordant humour.

About Man Booker Prize

  • The Man Booker Prize for Fiction (formerly known as the Booker–McConnell Prize and commonly known simply as the Booker Prize) is a literary prize awarded each year for the best original novel written in the English language and published in the UK.