Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 2

Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 2


  • India’s Lightest Bullet Proof Jacket ‘Bhabha Kavach’ by was launched at the International Police Expo 2019.
  • Indigenously Developed by Ordnance Factory Board (OFB) and Mishra Dhatu Nigam Limited (MIDHANI).
  • It is powered with nano technology from Bhabha Atomic Research Centre (BARC).
  • The BARC’s carbon nanomaterial sprayed on hard armour plate instils the toughness and tenacity needed to slow down and trap a bullet as it passes through the plate.
  • Bhabha Kavach is the lightest and a better jacket now available for Indian Defence forces which will be a great piece of equipment for India’s paramilitary forces and state police forces operating in Naxalite areas.


  • It proposes to send indigenously developed submersible vehicle with three persons to a depth of about 6000 metres to carry out deep underwater studies.
  • It will be undertaken by the National Institute of Ocean Technology, Chennai and is in line with ISRO’s ambitious ‘Gaganyaan’ mission of sending an astronaut to space by 2022.
  • It is expected to become a reality by 2021-22.
  • The indigenously developed submersible vehicle developed as part of this project is capable of crawling on sea bed at a depth of 6km for 72 hours.
  • Whereas, currently submarines deployed can only go about 200 metres deep into the sea. The project will go deeper in phases with more trials and ocean mining is expected to commence in 2022.
  • The expenditure of this ambitious project is expected to be around Rs 200 crore.

Significance of Project:

  • If it is successful, India will join selected league of developed nations in the exploration of minerals from deep oceans. Developed countries have already carried out such missions. India could be 1st developing country to undertake such a project.
  • International Sea Bed Authority (ISBA) has allocated India75,000 sq km site in Central Indian Ocean Basin (CIOB) for exploration of polymetallic nodules from seabed. The estimated resource of polymetallic nodules in this site is about 380 million tonnes, containing 92.59 million tonnes of manganese, 4.29 million tonnes of copper, 4.7 million tonnes of nickel and 0.55 million tonnes of cobalt.


  • ISRO has initiated ‘Project NETRA’ – an early warning system in space to detect debris and other hazards to Indian satellites.
  • Under the project, the ISRO plans to put up many observational facilities: connected radars, telescopes; data processing units and a control centre.
  • They can, among others, spot, track and catalogue objects as small as 10 cm, up to a range of 3,400 km and equal to a space orbit of around 2,000 km.

Significance of the project:

  • 1. The project will give India its own capability in space situational awareness (SSA) like the other space powers — which is used to ‘predict’ threats from debris to Indian satellites.
  • 2. NETRA’s eventual goal is to capture the GEO, or geostationary orbit, scene at 36,000 km where communication satellites operate.
  • 3. The effort would make India a part of international efforts towards tracking, warning about and mitigating space debris.


  • The Union Home Ministry has setup the project BOLD-QIT (Border Electronically Dominated QRT Interception Technique) under CIBMS (Comprehensive Integrated Border Management system) on India-Bangladesh border.
  • India and Bangladesh share 4096km long international border. But, at various places it is not possible to erect Border Fence due to geographical barriers.
  • BOLD-QIT is the project to install technical systems under the CIBMS, which enables BSF to equip Indo-Bangla borders with different kind of sensors in unfenced riverine area of Brahmaputra and its tributaries.

Comprehensive Integrated Border Management System (CIBMS)

  • It is a robust and integrated system that is capable of addressing the gaps in the present system of border security by seamlessly integrating human resources, weapons, and high-tech surveillance equipment.

It has three main components:

  1. New high-tech surveillance devices such assensors, detectors, cameras, etc. as well as existing equipment forround-the-clock surveillance of the international border.
  2. An efficient and dedicated communication network including fiber optic cables and satellite communication for transmitting data gathered.
  3. A command and control centre to which the data will be transmitted providing a composite picture of the international border


  • National Small Industries Corporation (NSIC) has signed an MoU with Common Service Centres (CSC) eGovernance Services India for enhancing new offerings for the MSME sector by synergizing each other’s competence.

About CSC

  • It is an initiative of Ministry of Electronics & IT.
  • CSCs are the access points for delivery of various electronic services to villages in India.
  • The CSCs provide high quality and cost-effective video, voice and data content and services, in the areas of e-governance, education, health, telemedicine, entertainment as well as other private services.
  • Under CSC 2.0 scheme launched in 2015 seeks to set up at least one CSC in each of the 2.5 lakh GPs across the country by 2019. It forms a part of Digital India programme.
  • The CSCs: cater to regional and linguistic diversity of the country, thus enabling the Government’s mandate of a socially, financially and digitally inclusive society.
  • Promote rural entrepreneurship and builds rural capacities and livelihoods. Increase community participation and collective action which would lead to sustainable socio-economic development through bottom up approach. Help to decrease

Important Current Affairs For UPSC ESE PRELIM 2020 EXAM: Part 1